Born in 1952. Nador, Morocco. Professor of Political Science and Administration. Doctor of Law. Fulbright Scholarship and postgraduate studies, Ohio State University. Member, ‘International Political Science Association’ (IPSA). Specialist in Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour. Director, New Magazine of Politics, Culture and Art (1994-1996). President, Sociological Research center (1996-2000). Minister of Education, Culture and Sport (2000-2004). Former member, National Parliament for Granada. MEP since 2004.