Born in 1952. Riga. Professor of economics (2003), Doctor of economics (1992), University of Latvia. President, Latvian Economic Development Forum (since 1998). University of Latvia: professor. Member, Editorial Board ”Parliament Magazine” (since 2005). Chairman; Helcom (2002-2004). Member; Latvian Parliament, Chairman; Foreign Affairs Committee (2002-2004). Member, Vice-chairman; Riga City Council (2001-2002). Adviser to the President of Latvia (1999-2000). Minister of the Environment of Latvia (1998-1999). Chairman; Regional Development Council (1997-1999). Member; Latvia-Russia Intergovernmental Commission (1998-1999). Adviser to the Prime Minister of Latvia (1997-1998). Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Economy (1996-1997). Orden of the President of Ukraine "For Merits" (2008). MEP since 2004.