ep

Our work in the European Parliament

 

 

What does the EPP Group do for you?

How do Members of the European Parliament represent voters in what is a very complicated political environment? They navigate a maze of procedures and negotiate with their colleagues of different political orientation as well as with counterparts in the Council and Commission on laws that fall into the remit of EP competence to the benefit of 500 million people living in the EU. Watch the video above to see what that means in practice.

 

 

How laws get passed

The best way to illustrate how laws get passed is to see what happens to a single piece of legislation once it comes to the European Parliament. The legislative draft is first assigned to a Committee. The Committee designates a rapporteur, or responsible person, for that draft among its Members. The rapporteur then becomes the lead negotiator of the European Parliament on that file. In the case of the ordinary legislative procedure, a legislative draft, in order to become law, must be adopted by the responsible Committee, then by the plenary of the European Parliament, and by representatives of Member States in the Council. Once the adopted legislative Resolution is signed by the President of the European Parliament and published in the Official Journal of the EU, it becomes law.

Since the entry-into-force of the Lisbon Treaty, the ordinary legislative procedure, formerly co-decision, has become the standard legislative procedure. In this case, the European Parliament and the Council of the EU are on an equal footing when it comes to legislating. They both have the power to amend legislative proposals, and they both have to agree on a proposal before it can be enacted.

Ordinary Legislative Procedure

How laws get passed

Other important legislative procedures are the consultation procedure, where the Parliament must be consulted on a legislative proposal but its opinion is not binding on the Council as the sole legislator in this case, and the consent procedure, where the Parliament has the right of veto and its role is to approve or reject the legislative proposal.

The European Commission is the only Institution empowered to initiate legislation. The Parliament also has right of initiative that allows it to ask the Commission to submit a legislative proposal.

 

 

MEPs per Political Group

Belgium
Belgium
21
Bulgaria
Bulgaria
17
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
21
Denmark
Denmark
13
Germany
Germany
96
Estonia
Estonia
6
Ireland
Ireland
11
Greece
Greece
21
Spain
Spain
54
France
France
74
Croatia
Croatia
11
Italy
Italy
73
Cyprus
Cyprus
6
Latvia
Latvia
8
Lithuania
Lithuania
11
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
6
Hungary
Hungary
21
Malta
Malta
6
Netherlands
Netherlands
26
Austria
Austria
18
Poland
Poland
51
Portugal
Portugal
21
Romania
Romania
32
Slovenia
Slovenia
8
Slovakia
Slovakia
13
Finland
Finland
13
Sweden
Sweden
20
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
73

Pie Chart

Members of the European Parliament are organised into political Groups according to their political affiliation. Of the 7 Groups that exist in this legislative term of the European Parliament, the EPP Group is the biggest with its Members coming from 27 Member States of the European Union. Our size allows us to wield considerable influence on Parliament's decision-making and our Members hold leadership positions in many of the Parliament's Committees and Delegations.

 

 

 

EP powers

EP Powers

Parliament's powers have increased exponentially since the Treaty of Rome was signed in 1957 - even more so following the entry-into-force of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009. The Parliament legislates, controls the EU budget and supervises the European Commission and its activities.

The Parliament shares legislative power equally with the Council of the EU, and depending on the legislative area and type of procedure, can amend, advise on, accept or reject a legislative proposal. Most of the legislative work is carried out in Parliament's Committees, while political Groups negotiate between each other on the content of the proposal before the EP view is brought to the Council.

As one of the budgetary arms of the EU, the other being the Council, the Parliament decides each year on the EU's revenue and expenditure, on the proposal of the European Commission who submits a draft budget. The annual EU budget must stay coherent with the spending limits set by the Multiannual Financial Framework. Since the Lisbon Treaty, this medium-term spending plan which is agreed among Member States needs to be approved by the European Parliament. This means that the EP's views need to be taken into account very early on in the negotiations. The Parliament also monitors spending through its Committee on Budgetary Control and can grant or withhold discharge to EU Institutions.

The European Parliament has the right to approve and dismiss the European Commission. Commissioner-designates must appear at public hearings in the EP where their expertise on their potential portfolios is scrutinised. Under the Lisbon Treaty, the European Council, acting by a qualified majority, proposes a candidate for the Commission President, taking into account the results of the European elections. In 2009, the EPP was the only political family to present a common candidate, José Manuel Barroso, who was confirmed for his second term of office after the sweeping victory of the EPP at the European elections. The EP can censure the Commission and dismiss it. The Commission submits an annual report of its activities to the European Parliament as well as information on the implementation of the budget.

 

Latest

Enlargement
26.06.2017 - 18:22

EPP parties in national parliaments: reach out to citizens to shape future of Europe

During the 25th summit of Chairs of EPP-affiliated groups in national parliaments, speakers called on Europe to reach out to all citizens to shape a...
EPP MPs and MEPs tackle globalisation
26.06.2017 - 17:08

EPP MPs and MEPs tackle globalisation

The EU needs to step up efforts to adapt to globalisation to address voter concerns and create sustainable employment, say EPP MPs and MEPs meeting...
Hand with remote control on the conditioner
22.06.2017 - 15:18

EPP Group further commits to fighting climate change

European Parliament to ratify an amendment which will extend the Montreal Protocol and ultimately reduce 70 billion CO2-equivalents by 2050...
Free WiFi for all in Europe
22.06.2017 - 15:00

Free WiFi for all in Europe

An EU programme to install WiFi in thousands of communities across Europe will help people build skills and businesses to benefit from the digital...

Highlights of the week

26.06.2017 - 30.06.2017
Helmut Kohl

European Ceremony of Honour for Helmut Kohl

On Saturday 1 July, Manfred Weber MEP, Chairman of the EPP Group, will participate in the European Ceremony of Honour for Helmut Kohl which will be...
Suspected Asylum Seekers

European Union Agency for Asylum

On Thursday the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs is expected to vote on the outcome of negotiations on the European Union...
Flag of Belarus

Nobel Prize winner Svetlana Alexievich will be keynote speaker at hearing on 'Belarusian society: towards a modern political and national identity?'

On Tuesday, the EPP Group will hold a hearing on 'Belarusian society: towards a modern political and national identity?'. 25 years after the...

Events

Jun
27
27.06.2017 - 16:30

Churches and religious organisations’ accessibility to EU funding for cooperation projects

Churches and religious organisations carry out valuable work in several critical areas such as health, education,...